Lack of cash should not be the reason for not hunting for your dream home. Apart from paying cash, you can also opt for a mortgage plan. However, applying for a mortgage can be difficult without the most accurate mortgage information. Therefore, considering several factors including knowing the type of loan that works best for you can help you narrow things down to getting the right mortgage plan. Other key factors like knowing how a down payment affects your monthly mortgage payment can also help you make informed decisions. Below are essential Factors to Consider When Applying for a Mortgage.

Money Down

One of the important factors to consider when applying for a mortgage is the money down. Most lenders require a down payment before processing any mortgage. On average, conventional loans will cost something between 5 to 20 percent of the total cost of the home. However, the down payments of government-insured loans might be much lower. Remember, the down payment you make can also affect your loan-to-value ratio. That means that if you put down a larger down payment, you are more likely to start with more equity in your home.

Credit Scores

Your credit scores determine how fast you will get approved for a mortgage. A credit score of 660 and above is considered prime. That way you are likely to get approved much faster. On the other hand, that is 620 or below is considered subprime thus lowering the chances of getting approved. Always make sure your credit score falls in the prime range to qualify for a mortgage with a lower interest rate. Applicants with a subprime credit score will have a much higher payment rate.

Consider your earnings

In most cases, lenders are more willing to engage with individuals with a steady source of income. If you have a steady source of income you have a high chance of qualifying for a mortgage. Remember, your monthly income can also come from other sources including child support, stock dividends, and tips. If you are self-employed however it may become so hard to convince the lender. In that case, you are less likely to qualify for a mortgage because of the irregular income.

Mortgage Insurance

If you default on the loan, mortgage insurance protects the lender. Investing in mortgage insurance can increase your chances of approval. Most lenders usually require mortgage insurance, especially for borrowers who put down less than 20 percent. However, you can avoid incurring mortgage insurance costs by making a higher down payment.

Loan Types and Rates

Although there are three main loan types, your interest rate depends on factors (current market conditions, the state of the economy, and your credit profile) regardless of the type of loan for which you apply. However, your interest rate stays the same if you choose a fixed-rate mortgage. But it will show variation if you choose to go with an adjustable-rate mortgage. You also need to know that most lenders charge points alongside interest to cover their costs. Although the points vary, they can affect the total cost of your mortgage.


Gathering the most accurate mortgage information can help you increase your odds of success. Always think of the above factors and take steps to improve them where possible before you apply for the mortgage.